Jewish Holidays 2019

Jewish Holidays 2019

Jewish holidays fall on the same Hebrew calendar date every year. The Jewish calendar connected to the moon’s cycles instead of the sun’s, so it has a different number of days than the traditional Gregorian calendar. Therefore, the Jewish calendar has about 11 days fewer than the common calendar each year.

As some Jewish holidays also celebrate special yearly agricultural or nature’s events and need to occur at specific seasons, the calendar remedies the lag by adding a month – Adar – every two or three years, at the end of winter. Thus, some years are leap years and have Adar I and Adar II. As a result, Jewish festivals don’t always fall on the same date according to the usual calendar, but they always fall within a certain Gregorian month or two. It’s similar to Zodiac horoscope, by the way, Jewish months are close enough to astrological signs dates, that Jews sometimes use relevant Zodiac sign to illustrate certain Hebrew month.

The Jewish day has no specified length and starts at sunset after the first three stars appear in the sky. It is modeled on the reference to “…it was evening and it was morning…” in the first chapter of the Genesis, that ends the description of the creation on each day. Therefore, as 2019 Jewish calendar says that Hanukkah 2019 starts on December 23, the Jewish families will be getting together for lighting the first-day candle on the eve of December 22. The day will end after sundown on December 23rd.

Jewish holidays in January

  • Rosh Chodesh Shvat – 7 January, the new Jewish month of Shvat
  • Tu B’Shvat – 21 January, New Year for the Fruit Trees

Jewish holidays in February

  • Shabbat Shekalim – 2 February, Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Adar
  • Rosh Chodesh Adar I – 5 February, the new Jewish month of Adar I (First Adar on leap years)
  • Purim Katan – 19 February, Minor Purim. In the leap year Purim is celebrated in the second month of Adar (Adar II), and in the first month of Adar (Adar I) Purim Katan was set

Jewish holidays in March

  • Rosh Chodesh Adar II – 7 March, the new Jewish month of Adar II (Second Adar on leap years)
  • Shabbat Zachor – 16 March, Shabbat before Purim
  • Ta’anit Esther – 20 March, Fast of Esther
  • Purim – 21 March, celebration to commemorate the rescue of the Jews from total extermination during the reign of King Ahashverosh (Artaxerxes), ruler of the Persian Empire
  • Shushan Purim – 22 March, Purim celebrated in walled Israeli cities, including Jerusalem
  • Shabbat Parah – 23 March, Shabbat after Purim
  • Shabbat HaChodesh – 30 March, Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Nissan

Jewish holidays in April

  • Rosh Chodesh Nisan – 6 April, the new Jewish month of Nisan
  • Shabbat HaGadol – 13 April, Shabbat before Pesach
  • Ta’anit Bechorot – 19 April, Fast of the First Born
  • Pesach – 20 April, Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread
  • Sefirat HaOmer – 20 April – 08 June, Counting of the Omer, 7 weeks from the second night of Pesach to the day before Shavuot

Jewish holidays in May

  • Yom HaShoah – 02 May. Not a holiday or festival, but very important day for Jews – Holocaust Memorial Day
  • Rosh Chodesh Iyyar – 05 May, the new Jewish month of Iyyar
  • Yom HaZikaron – 08 May, Israel’s Memorial Day. This is also not a jewish religious holiday, but an important date in Israel
  • Israel Yom HaAtzmaut – 09 May, celebrating Independence Day in Israel
  • Lag B’Omer – 23 May, 33rd day of counting the Omer

Jewish holidays in June

  • Yom Yerushalayim – 02 June, Jerusalem Day. Commemorates the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967
  • Rosh Chodesh Sivan – 04 June, the new Jewish month of Sivan
  • Shavuot – 09 June, Feast of Pentecost

Jewish holidays in July

  • Rosh Chodesh Tammuz – 03 July, the new Jewish month of Tammuz
  • Tzom Tammuz – 21 July, fast commemorating breaching of the walls of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar

Jewish holidays in August

  • Rosh Chodesh Av – 02 August, the new Jewish month of Av
  • Shabbat Hazon – 10 August, Shabbat before Tish’a B’Av (Shabbat of Prophecy/Shabbat of Vision)
  • Tish’a B’Av – 11 August, fast commemorating the destruction of the two Temples
  • Tu B’Av – 16 August, Holiday of love, hebrew analogue to Valentine’s Day
  • Shabbat Nachamu – 17 August, Shabbat after Tish’a B’Av (Shabbat of Consolation)
  • Rosh Chodesh Elul – 31 August, the new Jewish month of Elul

Jewish holidays in September

  • Rosh HaShanah – 30 September – 01 October, the Jewish New Year

Jewish holidays in October

  • Fast of Gedalia – 02 October, mourning for the murder of Gedalia ben Ahikam, which resulted in the final expulsion of the Jews from Israel
  • Yom Kippur – 09 October, Day of Atonement and Forgiveness, also a fast
  • Sukkot – 14-20 October, Festival of Tabernacles/Ingathering
  • Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah – 21 October, the eighth final day of the Jewish Sukkot holiday

Jewish holidays in November

  • Rosh Chodesh Kislev – 28 November, the new Jewish month of Kislev

Jewish holidays in December

  • Hanukkah – 23-30 December, Feast of Lights
  • Rosh Chodesh Tevet – 28 December, the new Jewish month of Tevet 

Ettel Matzebeker

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